If you are interested in gardening and wish to have a beautiful garden, then you need to know about the right time to plant flowers and vegetables. We all know that there are four seasons in a year, and that’s why depending upon the weather; nature grows different flowers. The same is true if you plan on planting vegetables as well. Planting vegetables is your best source when it comes to organic food. You just need to plant them in your garden and take them out from the ground when you want to eat them. In this article here, you will get to know about the right time to plant flowers and vegetables. You will also get to know about which kinds you can plant and at what time.
When it comes to planting flowers, spring is a good time to do so. However, this season can be quite unpredictable because of all the cold and warm spells. Below, you will get to know about a few important things you need to know about.
There are a few types of flowers which you should be aware of;
- Annual Flower
This is the kind that grows from a seed, blooms, releases its own seeds, and then it dies in one growing season. This means that you will have to plant annuals each spring, for example, petunias and marigold.
- Perennial Flower
This is the kind that can live for three or more seasons. Most bloom for a week or two each year.
- Biennial Flower
This is the kind that grows its first year; it lives through the winter, and then it blooms. After that it sets its own seed, and it dies. The flowers are foxgloves and hollyhocks.
- Half Hardy Annual
These are perennial in climates that are warmer; however, they can be grown as annuals in colder climates. They are called half hardy because such flowers are able to resist frost but can’t survive extremely cold temperatures.
The times when different kinds of flowers should be planted are;
- After the last spring frost
Some of the flowers which need to be planted during this time are the sunflower, calendula, morning glory, bellflower, periwinkle and poppy. However, if you want to keep such flowers indoors, then you need to plant them 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost. Trying to grow sunflowers indoors isn’t recommended.
- 2 Weeks before the last spring frost
The flowers which can be planted outside during this time are pansy, sweet pea, carnation, lupine and pinks.
- 10 to 12 Weeks before the first Fall frost
The flower that can be planted during this time is the Flowering Kale.
You will also need to know whether or not you have to keep these flowers in the sun, shade or partial shade. You also need to protect the flowers from extreme weather conditions if you want them to survive for a longer time.
It’s a good idea to talk with your plant seller. He will be happy to tell you when you should plant a flower and how to take care of it.
When it comes to planting vegetables, it’s a good idea to read the packet about information. This is because there are many ‘hybrid’ seeds having their own specifications. Growing vegetables is a bit tougher than planting flowers. You need to take into account factors like preparing and adjusting the pH of the soil and keeping data regarding when the seeds germinate, seed spacing, etc.
You can have a container vegetable garden indoors at any time of the year to get fresh vegetables. A potted vegetable garden can be planted indoors throughout the year as well. Here are some times that can help you.
- June to August
You can plant sweet potatoes, tomatoes and peas in June. Pumpkins, peas and beans can be planted in July. You will have to wait until the mid of the month to plant cucumbers, eggplants and onions.
- September to November
By September’s mid-month, you can plant peppers, cucumbers and eggplants. Start the seeds for the cool season vegetables like lettuce and cauliflowers.
You can plant strawberry beds, spinach, carrots and turnips. In November, you can sow lettuce, radishes, garlic and cabbages.
- December to February
In December, stick to lettuce, peas, spinach and carrots. In January, you can plant potatoes, celery, broccoli and beets. You can do the final planting of turnips and radishes. At the end of the month, you can plant peppers, beans and corn.
- March to May
In March, you can make early planting of watermelons, tomatoes and corn. In April, you can plant beans, cucumbers and eggplants. In May, you should continue with spinach, peas and sweet potatoes.
It’s good to ask your vegetable seed seller about these times as well.